Snippet of 1964 Automation Report Commissioned by the POTUS
In his Report, the President repeated previous legislative proposals to develop an “active manpower policy.” Included were: youth employment, a poverty program, aid to education, additional area redevelopment funds, higher penalty rates for overtime work, civil rights, reforms in the unemployment insurance system, extension of minimum wage coverage and a “comprehensive program” to aid the 10-state Appalachia area. (Only three of these requests were enacted by the 88th Congress: the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (PL 88-352) and the Economic Opportunity Act (PL 88-452), which set up the President’s anti-poverty program and included a youth corps. For details of the Civil Rights Act, see p. 338; for Economic Opportunity Act, see p. 208.)
Mr. Johnson announced that he was establishing by administrative action a President’s Committee on Manpower composed of key federal executives with responsibility for manpower activities. The group would study national manpower needs and action the Government might take. (See p. 570)
In arguing for an “active manpower policy,” the President contrasted national economic gains with high unemployment that “persisted grimly.” “Overcoming that unemployment is the greatest immediate manpower challenge before us,” the President said.
His Report, like that of the Labor Department, again emphasized that technological changes would have the most severe effect on members of the labor force who are either young, old or nonwhite, possess less than a high school education, are unskilled or live in economically depressed areas of the nation. He said that manpower development principally required better education, training for specific job skills and rehabilitation for individuals beyond the reach of normal education or training activities.